Ukraine

Download Summary (PDF)
Post-Soviet countries often struggle to build democratic institutions and free and open societies, and Ukraine is no exception.  In its first decade of independence, Ukraine evolved into a highly centralized and corrupt managed democracy.  The seemingly inevitable progression toward autocracy was abruptly halted by the 2004 Orange Revolution, a public protest against fraudulent presidential election.  However, constant political in-fighting thwarted any significant economic and political reforms and Victor Yanukovych, whose government has been widely criticized for a regression in democracy, was elected president in 2010.