Kyrgyz Republic

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Since achieving independence in 1991, the Kyrgyz Republic’s transition from a Soviet Republic to a parliamentary democracy has been marked by great upheaval as its first two presidents were removed from power by popular protests – Askar Akayev in March 2005 and Kurmanbek Bakiyev in April 2010.  A new interim government led by Roza Otunbayeva reformed the constitution in 2010 to transform Kyrgyzstan into a parliamentary republic with reduced powers of the presidency.  On October 30, 2011, Almazbek Atambaev was elected President of the Kyrgyz Republic, marking the country’s first peaceful transfer of presidential power.