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The July 2012 Libyan elections were the culmination of a historic series of events signifying the way forward after 42 years of authoritarian rule under the Qaddafi regime, a traumatic civil war and a tumultuous transitional period. Libyans elected a 200-member General National Congress, a legislative body tasked with a mandate including drafting and approving a new constitution, passing new legislation, and preparing the country for a constitutional referendum and subsequent elections. As the country enters the next phase of its political transition, it continues to struggle with endemic security failures and weak political institutions. Despite these challenges, Libyans show an appetite for democracy and have the resources to sustain a successful reconstruction effort.