Reuters Cites IRI-NDI Pre-Election Report on Nigeria’s Elections

Kerry in Nigeria to urge non-violence before presidential vote
By Warren Strobel

LAGOS – U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry arrived in Nigeria on Sunday to urge its rival political camps to respect the outcome of a Feb. 14 presidential election, amid concerns that post-poll violence could undermine the fight against Boko Haram militants.

Boko Haram has killed thousands, kidnapped hundreds and displaced more than a million people during its campaign to carve out an Islamic state in the northeast of Nigeria, Africa’s most populous nation.

Overnight Boko Haram attacked the main northeastern city of Maiduguri, leading to hours of fighting before Nigerian troops repelled the militants.

Kerry’s visit to the commercial capital Lagos, in which he was to hold talks with incumbent President Goodluck Jonathan and challenger Muhammadu Buhari, highlights the stakes for Washington in what is expected to be Nigeria’s closest election since its 1999 transition from military rule.

Kerry will “emphasize to both of the candidates the importance of non-violence in this election and having a free and fair and transparent process”, said a senior State Department official, speaking on condition of anonymity.

He will argue “in particular that the loser accepts the results and discourages supporters from responding in any violent fashion,” the official said.

Kerry’s visit, which he announced only on Friday, marks an unusual intervention so close to a national election.

For example, the White House has said President Barack Obama will not meet Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu when the Israeli leader visits Washington in March in order not to be seen as choosing sides on the eve of an election in Israel.

U.S. officials say there is a difference between Obama meeting a sitting foreign leader at the White House and Kerry urging calm by meeting both candidates in Nigeria.


A report by an election assessment team organised by the National Democratic Institute and International Republican Institute said there were widespread doubts among Nigerians about the election’s integrity.

The team cited a Gallup poll which found that confidence in the electoral process has dropped from 51 percent during the last election in 2011 to 13 percent in 2014.

Although the 2011 poll was widely seen as successful, post-poll violence led to more than 800 deaths, the report said.

“There is a propensity for such violence to erupt. And we want to get ahead of it,” the U.S. official said.

Kerry’s talks in Lagos will also focus on the Boko Haram threat amid U.S. media reports of distrust and lagging cooperation between the Nigerian and U.S. militaries.

(Editing by Tim Cocks and Gareth Jones)

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