Ukraine Holds Local Elections That Test Oligarchs’ Reach
By Yuras Karmanau
MARIUPOL, Ukraine — Ukrainians voted Sunday in local elections seen as a test of strength for President Petro Poroshenko’s government and for the oligarchs accustomed to running their own regions, but a last-minute dispute blocked the ballot in a key port city.
The vote took place as resentment and disappointment were running high among the electorate.
Voters were choosing more than 10,700 local councils as well as mayors in elections held nationwide, except for in parts of the Donetsk and Luhansk regions of eastern Ukraine controlled by Russia-backed rebels. In eastern areas recaptured by government forces after fierce fighting last year, former separatists were running for office as candidates from the Opposition Bloc.
Voting was scrapped Sunday at the last minute in Mariupol, a major port and steel city on the Sea of Azov, where tensions have been rising over the influence of Rinat Akhmetov, Ukraine’s richest man whose industrial holdings are key to Mariupol’s economy.
Nerves in Mariupol were already frayed after more than a year of worry that the city was about to be overrun by the Russia-backed rebels who had seized territory just a few kilometers (miles) away.
On Sunday, the local election commission in Mariupol refused to accept the ballots because they had been printed by a company owned by Akhmetov, who supports the Opposition Bloc.
“They are trying to throw us back to the terrible past when one oligarch decided the fate of elections, but today the situation has changed,” said Alexander Yaroshenko, the mayoral candidate for Mariupol from the party of Yulia Tymoshenko, a former prime minister.
The Opposition Bloc accused the government of suspending the local election in Mariupol because it feared total defeat.
“We clearly see in Mariupol the battle between forces for Akhmetov and forces against Akhmetov,” said political analyst Oleksandr Solontai.
Poroshenko ordered the national parliament and central elections commission to make sure the vote in Mariupol took place soon.
A similar situation occurred in the nearby eastern city of Krasnoarmiisk, where the vote was postponed when local election officials refused to accept the ballots.
Sunday’s election was the third nationwide since the chaotic overthrow of Ukraine’s pro-Moscow president in February 2014, the annexation of Crimea by Russia a month later and the start of the war with Russia-backed separatists that has killed more than 8,000 people and left much of the country’s industrial heartland outside central government control.
As Ukraine struggles to find stability and repair its deeply wounded economy, its people are dismayed with the national government in Kiev and despairing of its ability to tackle widespread corruption. A September poll by the International Republican Institute showed that two thirds of the population was frustrated by the pace of reform and more than half disapproved of the government.
The incumbent mayor of Kiev, former heavyweight boxing champion Vitali Klitschko, faced 28 challengers. Exit polls showed Klitschko with a commanding lead but still falling well short of getting more than 50 percent of the vote to win in the first round. It was not immediately clear who would face him in the second round.
“I’m tired of waiting for the happy European future promised by the government,” said Olga Nosik, a 53-year-old seamstress who supports one of the other mayoral candidates in the capital.
In Dnipropetrovsk, another major industrial city, the competition for mayor heated up between a candidate backed by supporters of the ousted president and one backed by local tycoon Ihor Kolomoysky, a contentious figure who has funded battalions of fighters against the separatist rebels.Top