Washington, DC – IRI conducted a comprehensive national and regional representative poll in Mongolia from August 10-September 3, 2010.

The poll reveals that citizens of Mongolia would like to see local governments have greater authority over issues such as roads, transportation, land allocation and tax collection while still preferring that national government manage education, public safety, health care and natural resources.  Thirty-eight percent of Mongolian citizens would like the opportunity to decide how money is spent locally, compared to seven percent who think their member of parliament should exercise that power.  An even larger number, 40 percent, believes that local residents should directly monitor local government spending, compared to only 13 percent who think the national parliament, State Great Hural, should monitor local budget allocation.

The survey also explored some of the most politically salient national issues in Mongolia, including the allocation of mining revenues.  Even though Mongolians are sharply divided over how to allocate mining revenue to various government services, it is clear that Mongolians want the revenue invested in the development of the country.  When asked for the top two responses on how to allocate mining revenue 38 percent wanted recurring or onetime cash payouts.  A majority 86 percent would like the money spent on developing the country, through investments in education, healthcare, infrastructure, social welfare, training opportunities, and funds for local projects.

The sample was randomly selected using the last birthday method, and consists of 2,250 Mongolian adults older than 18 who are eligible to vote.  It is representative of the general population by age, gender, and education.  The margin of error for the national sample does not exceed ± 2.07 percent.

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